cool fact: the original luddites didn’t oppose technology but rather the bosses using new tech to disenfranchise workers! the bosses then had the luddites murdered in the streets and their arguments were replaced with “tech bad 🤢” to prevent others from carrying on their challenge to industrial authorities
Part of why people gravitate towards conspiratorial thinking, fascism, liberal reformist, etc. is because they are trying to find a way to make sense of the world around them. They recognize that things are not good, that they are in pain, that the world as it is has failed them, but they don't know why -- they are lost and confused. So they seek explanations. But they lack a systemic or wholistic analysis, so they end up blaming individuals or particular groups, attributing malicious intent. Moreover, they want to avoid any kind of systemic analysis because it would require that they recognize some level of culpability, some level of participation within the systems that make the world as it currently a nightmare (precisely because these systems are made up of people, all of us, and one cannot avoid participation or culpability). Recognizing this culpability can also be dangerous if it devolves into guilt (the forerunner of ressentiment), but it is a necessary part of having any understanding of the world that doesn't simply attribute "evil" to some external force or entity, to individuals or specific groups. It requires an understanding of oneself as a part of the world, as inseparable from it. But this is difficult and painful.
I don't know where I'm going with this. Just some thoughts I've been having.